The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum announces
Art and China after 1989: Theater of the World, a major exhibition of contemporary art from China spanning 1989 to 2008, arguably the most transformative period of modern Chinese and recent world history. A fresh interpretative survey of Chinese experimental art framed by the geopolitical dynamics resulting from the end of the Cold War, the spread of globalization, and the rise of China, Art and China after 1989 is on view from October 6, 2017 to January 7, 2018. The exhibition, the largest of its kind ever in North America, looks at a bold contemporary art movement that anticipated, chronicled, and agitated for the sweeping social transformation that has brought China to the center of the global conversation. With a concentration on the conceptualist art practices of two generations of artists, this exhibition examines how Chinese artists have been both critical observers and agents of China’s emergence as a global presence and places their experiments firmly in a global art-historical context.
Occupying the Guggenheim’s full rotunda and two Tower Galleries, Art and China after 1989 highlights the conceptual and artistic achievements of 71 artists and collectives and features nearly 150 significant works on loan from private and public collections across Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and the United States as well as from the Guggenheim’s collection. Archival materials documenting and contextualizing key moments and movements in this contested history are also interwoven throughout the exhibition. Bracketed by years marked by transformational events within China and globally, the exhibition surveys the culture of artistic experimentation during a time characterized by the onset of globalization and the eventual skepticism of its promised prosperity.
The exhibition title derives from an installation by Paris-based artist Huang Yong Ping originally presented in Stuttgart in 1993. Theater of the World is a cage-like form that draws on Chinese cosmology, Western enlightenment ideas of the panopticon as an structure of control, and Michel Foucault’s critiques of modernism. An apt metaphor for the age of globalization, Theater of the World housed hundreds of live reptiles and insects teeming with life, foreshadowing an underlying sense of visceral realism and realpolitik that is present in much of the most interesting work of this period.
Art and China after 1989 is organized into six thematic, chronological sections installed on the six ramps of the rotunda and into Tower Galleries 5 and 7. Encompassing a diversity of artistic practices over two decades, the exhibition showcases performances, paintings, photography, installations, video art, and socially engaged participatory art and activism. The six sections of the exhibition are:
1989: No U-Turn
New Measurement: Analyzing the Situation
5 Hours: Captitalism, Urbanism, Realism
Uncertain Pleasure: Acts of Sensation
Otherwhere: Travels Through the In-Between
Whose Utopia: Activism and Alternatives circa 2008
Three works will not be presented as originally planned. Out of concerns for the safety of visitors, staff, and participating artists after ongoing and persistent threats of violence in reaction to the incorporation of live animals in the creation of the works, the Guggenheim has decided against including Huang Yong Ping’s two-part installation Theater of the World (1993) and The Bridge (1995) with live animals, and the video documentation of historic events in Xu Bing’s A Case Study of Transference (1994) and Sun Yuan and Peng Yu’s Dogs That Cannot Touch Each Other (2003).
Art and China after 1989: Theater of the World is organized by Alexandra Munroe, Samsung Senior Curator, Asian Art, and Senior Advisor, Global Arts, at the Guggenheim. Guest cocurators are Philip Tinari, Director of the Ullens Center for Contemporary Art, Beijing, and Hou Hanru, Artistic Director of MAXXI National Museum of 21st Century Arts, Rome. Kyung An, Assistant Curator, Asian Art, and Xiaorui Zhu-Nowell, Research Associate and Curatorial Assistant, Asian Art, Guggenheim Museum, have provided organizational support. Archival research has been developed in collaboration with Asia Art Archive, Hong Kong. The curators worked with an international advisory committee that has met under the auspices of the China Academy of Art, Hangzhou, and the Central Academy of Fine Arts, Beijing. Art and China after 1989 is the 11th show developed by the Guggenheim’s Asian Art Initiative,which was founded in 2006 under Dr. Munroe’s leadership to expand the Guggenheim’s curatorial purview to encompass artistic achievements and critical discourses active beyond, but also intersecting with, the West.